Skip to main content

Experts alert on depletion of forest resources

                                           PHOTO: Heinrich Böll Stiftung Nigeria
• Recedes At Four Per Cent Yearly
• Nigeria’s Forest Losses Fourth Highest Globally

Except conscious steps are taken to replenish the country’s scalping forest cover, and return to old culture of forest reserves, the country could be setting the stage for catastrophic consequences on its flora and fauna.
Already, experts are worried at the Federal Government’s seeming inaction over different human activities that are aggravating the depletion of these reserves, and consequently contributing to global temperature rise; alteration of local climatic conditions resulting in heat-related fatalities; dehydration; spread of infectious diseases; malnutrition; damage to public health infrastructure, migration of both man and animals; disruption of farming season and destruction of property.
The fears of stakeholders, align with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), which in its latest report stated that the country’s original forest cover has been drastically reduced, with the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) estimating an annual loss of four per cent, the global highest.
Globally, it is estimated that loss of forest alone contributes about 20 per cent of Green House Gases (GHGs), particularly carbon that contributes to global warming and climate change.
The report added that different human activities account for the changing global climate – primary among them being the rise of carbon dioxide concentration in the atmosphere, mainly due to reduced sinks (forests).
Right now, over 50 per cent of the country’s remaining tropical high forests are located in Cross River State alone, while those in other parts of the country including Edo, Ondo, Ekiti, Osun have been largely depleted, consequently reducing the forest cover from 16 per cent in 2000 to 11 per cent in 2014.
Project Officer, Environmental Rights Action/Friends of the Earth Nigeria (ERA) and Coordinator, Forest and Biodiversity, Friends of the Earth Africa (FoEA), Rita Uwaka told The Guardian that, “Nigeria’s deforestation record will continue to soar if urgent and deliberate efforts are not taken to curtail it as over 350, 000 to 400, 000 hectares of forested landmass are being deforested every year. Before now, Nigeria had the fourth highest deforestation rate in the world and the second highest in Africa after Sudan.
“From 1990 to 2005, Nigeria lost 35.7 per cent of its forest cover, which is around 6, 145, 000 hectares. This development is disturbing considering the importance of forests to man and mother earth. Nigeria’s forests have continued to shrink in size largely due to industrial plantations, unsustainable logging, oil spill and forest fire (in the Niger Delta) leading to the destruction of complex forest mangroves.”
Lax government regulations on harvesting of forest products (where they exist), especially timber, have contributed immensely to the rape of the forest. Interestingly, in Cross River State, where a 10-year moratorium is still in place is also suffering, illegal logging still thrives, according to the Executive Director, Development Concern (DEVCON), and Board Chairman, Ekuri Initiative, Mr. Martins Egot.
According to him, “Even in Cross River State that we have some level of control, you see that there is extinction of very important wood species. Woods like Apa, Ebony, Black Afara, Mahogany, Teak and others, are difficult to get now. You can only get those species in Ekuri, where the forest is still visibly intact. If you look at the logging that is taking place around here, the woods that you would see are the soft wood. For loggers to access species like Mimusops, Mahogany and other high-level furniture wood that are getting out of the way, they need to go deep into the forest. If you give them five years given the rate of exploitation, these species will be completely extinct because we cannot grow them easily. For senior lecturer, Department of Geography, University of Lagos, Prof. Alabi Soneye, not regulating the exploitation of forest resources would only ensure that some animals go into extinction, even as plants that are of high medicinal value are endangered.
He said: “We need oxygen to survive, while we give out carbon dioxide, which plants take in, after which they release oxygen for us. When we deplete vegetation, it means we are reducing the amount of oxygen that we should have in circulation. There is a minimum level of oxygen that we are supposed to have for us to live very healthy, which is about 20.8 per cent. Anything less than that could lead to series of disasters, deaths or casualties. So, when forests are depleted, the chances of getting oxygen are equally reduced. So, before everyone is put on life support and pumped with oxygen, we must all think of natural ways of accessing these things primarily through plants.”
Source:

Comments

Popular posts from this blog

Check NYSC Senate Approved List of All Institutions for the 2017 Batch ‘B’

National Youth Service Corps, NYSC senate list is out. The portal for verifying the senate approved mobilization list (2017 Batch ‘B’) of various institutions in Nigeria is live.
This is to inform all prospective corps members (2017 Batch ‘B’) that they can now check the senate approved mobilization list of their various institutions on the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) portal for free.
See also: NYSC Batch ‘B’ Mobilization Exercise Timetable – 2017
HOW TO CHECK NYSC SENATE APPROVED LIST. 1. Go to NYSC senate list portal at https://portal.nysc.org.ng/nysc2/VerifySenateLists.aspx 2. Select your Institution. 3. Supply your Matriculation Number and Surname in the required columns. 4. Select your date of birth. Finally, click the ‘SEARCH’ button to access your mobilization status.

Scary News About Your Cellphone

File photo

The war rages on about the safety of cell phones.  One side argues there’s either nothing to fear, while the other warns that your phone is causes grave harm when it comes into close contact with your body. Citing the views of other experts Dr Joseph Mercola tries to show where the real truth lies.

The year 2014 marked the first time in history that there were officially more mobile devices than people in the world – approximately 7.2 billion.

Although significantly lower, the number of cell phone users is forecast to reach 4.77 billion by the year 2017.

That’s a lot of cell phones and cell phone users. But what’s even more fascinating about all these mobile devices is the behaviour that surrounds them: The average cellphone owner checks their phone 110 times a day, or about nine times each hour; and 46 percent of smartphone owners say “they couldn’t live without” their phones

Cell Phone Safety

Most…

Nigerian Navy commences recruitment of graduates

The Nigerian Navy has commenced the process for the recruitment of suitably qualified Nigerian graduates through the Nigerian Navy Direct Short Service Commission (DSSC) Course 25.
The guidelines for the enlistment can be accessed on the Nigerian Navy Enlistment Portal http://www.joinnigeriannavy.com/ which will be opened on October 11 for interested candidates to apply online.
Interested applicants, who must be Nigerians by birth, should possess a minimum of Second Class Upper Division for first degree holders and Upper Credit for HND holders. Male applicants must not be less than 1.68 metres tall while female applicants must not be less than 1.65 metres in height. Applicants should be between 22 and 28 years by 31 January 2018, except for Imams and Chaplains who should not exceed 30 years by January 31, 2017.